PHP Form Validation Example



In this example, we will create a simple form and validate it using PHP.

Let's first create a plain form and later we will apply validations.

PHP Form Example

The below example shows a simple form with some specific actions by using the HTTP POST method.
<html>
   
   <head>
      <title>PHP Form Validation</title>
   </head>
   
   <body>
      <?php
         
         // define variables and set to empty values
         $name = $email = $gender = $comment = $website = "";
         
         if ($_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"] == "POST") {
            $name = test_input($_POST["name"]);
            $email = test_input($_POST["email"]);
            $website = test_input($_POST["website"]);
            $comment = test_input($_POST["comment"]);
            $gender = test_input($_POST["gender"]);
         }
         
         function test_input($data) {
            $data = trim($data);
            $data = stripslashes($data);
            $data = htmlspecialchars($data);
            return $data;
         }
      ?>
   
      <h2>Tutorials Point Absolute classes registration</h2>
      
      <form method = "post" action = "/php/php_form_introduction.htm">
         <table>
            <tr>
               <td>Name:</td> 
               <td><input type = "text" name = "name"></td>
            </tr>
            
            <tr>
               <td>E-mail:</td>
               <td><input type = "text" name = "email"></td>
            </tr>
            
            <tr>
               <td>Specific Time:</td>
               <td><input type = "text" name = "website"></td>
            </tr>
            
            <tr>
               <td>Class details:</td>
               <td><textarea name = "comment" rows = "5" cols = "40"></textarea></td>
            </tr>
            
            <tr>
               <td>Gender:</td>
               <td>
                  <input type = "radio" name = "gender" value = "female">Female
                  <input type = "radio" name = "gender" value = "male">Male
               </td>
            </tr>
            
            <tr>
               <td>
                  <input type = "submit" name = "submit" value = "Submit"> 
               </td>
            </tr>
         </table>
      </form>
      
      <?php
         echo "<h2>Your Given details are as :</h2>";
         echo $name;
         echo "<br>";
         
         echo $email;
         echo "<br>";
         
         echo $website;
         echo "<br>";
         
         echo $comment;
         echo "<br>";
         
         echo $gender;
      ?>
      
   </body>
</html>

Output:

PHP Form Validation Example

Now let's add validation for the above form. The example below shows the form with the required field validation

<html>
   
   <head>
      <style>
         .error {color: #FF0000;}
      </style>
   </head>
   
   <body>
      <?php
         // define variables and set to empty values
         $nameErr = $emailErr = $genderErr = $websiteErr = "";
         $name = $email = $gender = $comment = $website = "";
         
         if ($_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"] == "POST") {
            if (empty($_POST["name"])) {
               $nameErr = "Name is required";
            }else {
               $name = test_input($_POST["name"]);
            }
            
            if (empty($_POST["email"])) {
               $emailErr = "Email is required";
            }else {
               $email = test_input($_POST["email"]);
               
               // check if e-mail address is well-formed
               if (!filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) {
                  $emailErr = "Invalid email format"; 
               }
            }
            
            if (empty($_POST["website"])) {
               $website = "";
            }else {
               $website = test_input($_POST["website"]);
            }
            
            if (empty($_POST["comment"])) {
               $comment = "";
            }else {
               $comment = test_input($_POST["comment"]);
            }
            
            if (empty($_POST["gender"])) {
               $genderErr = "Gender is required";
            }else {
               $gender = test_input($_POST["gender"]);
            }
         }
         
         function test_input($data) {
            $data = trim($data);
            $data = stripslashes($data);
            $data = htmlspecialchars($data);
            return $data;
         }
      ?>
     
      <h2>Absolute classes registration</h2>
     
      <p><span class = "error">* required field.</span></p>
     
      <form method = "post" action = "<?php 
         echo htmlspecialchars($_SERVER["PHP_SELF"]);?>">
         <table>
            <tr>
               <td>Name:</td>
               <td><input type = "text" name = "name">
                  <span class = "error">* <?php echo $nameErr;?></span>
               </td>
            </tr>
           
            <tr>
               <td>E-mail: </td>
               <td><input type = "text" name = "email">
                  <span class = "error">* <?php echo $emailErr;?></span>
               </td>
            </tr>
           
            <tr>
               <td>Time:</td>
               <td> <input type = "text" name = "website">
                  <span class = "error"><?php echo $websiteErr;?></span>
               </td>
            </tr>
            
            <tr>
               <td>Classes:</td>
               <td> <textarea name = "comment" rows = "5" cols = "40"></textarea></td>
            </tr>
            
            <tr>
               <td>Gender:</td>
               <td>
                  <input type = "radio" name = "gender" value = "female">Female
                  <input type = "radio" name = "gender" value = "male">Male
                  <span class = "error">* <?php echo $genderErr;?></span>
               </td>
            </tr>
				
            <td>
               <input type = "submit" name = "submit" value = "Submit"> 
            </td>
				
         </table>
			
      </form>
      
      <?php
         echo "<h2>Your given values are as:</h2>";
         echo $name;
         echo "<br>";
         
         echo $email;
         echo "<br>";
         
         echo $website;
         echo "<br>";
         
         echo $comment;
         echo "<br>";
         
         echo $gender;
      ?>
   
   </body>
</html>

Valid URL:

The below code shows validation of URL

$website = input($_POST["site"]);

if (!preg_match("/\b(?:(?:https?|ftp):\/\/|www\.)[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%?=~_|!:,.;]*[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%=~_|]/i",$website)) {
   $websiteErr = "Invalid URL"; 
}

The above syntax will verify whether a given URL is valid or not. It should allow some keywords as HTTPS, FTP, www, a-z, 0-9,..etc..

Valid Email

The below code shows validation of the Email address

$email = input($_POST["email"]);

if (!filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) {
   $emailErr = "Invalid format and please re-enter valid email"; 
}

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