Facade Design Pattern in JavaScript

1. Definition

The Facade Design Pattern provides a unified interface to a set of interfaces in a subsystem. It defines a higher-level interface that makes the subsystem easier to use, simplifying complex operations.

2. Problem Statement

Consider a scenario where you have a complex subsystem with many interconnected classes, such as a system to control smart home devices. If a client wants to perform a simple operation, like "good night mode" which turns off all lights, locks the doors, and sets the alarm, they'd have to interact with multiple classes. This approach is prone to errors and complicates client code.

3. Solution

Implement a facade that offers simple methods to perform common tasks, hiding the complexity of the subsystem. Clients interact only with the facade, which internally delegates tasks to the appropriate classes in the subsystem.

4. Real-World Use Cases

1. Home automation systems: A single button to initiate multiple operations.

2. Computer startups: Pressing a power button initiates a series of complex operations.

3. Modern game systems: Simplifying complex graphics, sound, and control subsystems with a unified interface.

5. Implementation Steps

1. Identify a simpler, unified interface for a subsystem.

2. Create a facade class that implements this interface and contains references to subsystem classes.

3. The facade delegates client requests to appropriate subsystem objects.

4. The client uses only the facade and is shielded from the subsystem's complexity.

6. Implementation in JavaScript

// Complex subsystem classes
function Lights() {
    this.turnOff = function() {
        return "Lights are turned off.";
function DoorLocks() {
    this.lock = function() {
        return "Doors are locked.";
function Alarm() {
    this.set = function() {
        return "Alarm is set.";
// Facade
function GoodNightFacade(lights, locks, alarm) {
    this.lights = lights;
    this.locks = locks;
    this.alarm = alarm;
GoodNightFacade.prototype.activateGoodNightMode = function() {
// Client Code
const lights = new Lights();
const locks = new DoorLocks();
const alarm = new Alarm();
const goodNightFacade = new GoodNightFacade(lights, locks, alarm);


Lights are turned off.
Doors are locked.
Alarm is set.


1. Lights, DoorLocks, and Alarm represent the complex subsystem classes.

2. GoodNightFacade is our facade that provides the activateGoodNightMode method. This method encapsulates the complexity of the underlying operations.

3. In the client code, we create instances of subsystem classes and the facade. We then call the activateGoodNightMode method on the facade which interacts with the subsystem on behalf of the client.

7. When to use?

Use the Facade pattern when:

1. You want to provide a simple interface to a complex subsystem.

2. There are many dependencies between clients and the implementation classes of an abstraction.

3. You want to layer your subsystems. Facades can be entry points to each level of a subsystem, simplifying the dependencies between them.