Singleton Design Pattern in Rust

1. Definition

The Singleton pattern ensures that a particular class has only one instance throughout the runtime of the application and provides a way to access this instance to other objects.

2. Problem Statement

Imagine you have a configuration manager for your application. If multiple instances of this manager were allowed, you'd face potential issues with inconsistent configurations or unnecessary memory consumption.

3. Solution

With the Singleton pattern, you ensure that a class has only one instance, and you provide a global point to this instance. Anytime an object needs access to the singleton, it goes through this global point, ensuring controlled and consistent access.

4. Real-World Use Cases

1. Database connections.

2. Configuration managers.

3. Logging classes.

5. Implementation Steps

1. Hide the class's constructor by making it private.

2. Declare a static reference to the singleton's instance.

3. Provide a public static method to get the instance.

6. Implementation in Rust Programming

use std::sync::{Mutex, Once, ONCE_INIT};
pub struct Singleton {
    data: i32,
impl Singleton {
    // Static instance. Uses Mutex to ensure safe concurrent access.
    static mut INSTANCE: *const Singleton = 0 as *const Singleton;
    static ONCE: Once = ONCE_INIT;
    // Private constructor
    fn new() -> Singleton {
        Singleton { data: 0 }
    // Public instance method
    pub fn instance() -> &'static Singleton {
        unsafe {
            // Use std::sync::Once to ensure thread safety
            ONCE.call_once(|| {
                let singleton = Singleton::new();
                INSTANCE = Box::into_raw(Box::new(singleton));
    // An example method
    pub fn get_data(&self) -> i32 {
fn main() {
    let singleton = Singleton::instance();
    println!("Singleton data: {}", singleton.get_data());


"Singleton data: 0"


1. Singleton has a private constructor, ensuring it cannot be instantiated outside.

2. It has a static mutable pointer INSTANCE that points to the single instance of the class.

3. The instance() method returns this instance, but if it hasn't been created, it initializes it using the ONCE mechanism to ensure thread safety.

4. The get_data method is an example method to show how to access the singleton's methods.

7. When to use?

The Singleton pattern is useful when:

1. Ensuring exclusive access to a resource is necessary (e.g., a configuration manager).

2. You want to restrict instantiation of a class to one object.

3. When you want a single point of access to that instance (e.g., a global logging class).