Strategy Design Pattern in Rust

1. Definition

The Strategy Design Pattern defines a family of algorithms, encapsulates each one, and makes them interchangeable. It allows the algorithm to vary independently from clients that use it.

2. Problem Statement

Imagine an application where certain parts of its algorithms can vary, and we want to avoid hardcoding all possible versions of these algorithms into the application.

3. Solution

Define a set of algorithms, encapsulate each one, and make them interchangeable. The client can select the appropriate algorithm and delegate the work to the chosen strategy.

4. Real-World Use Cases

1. A payment gateway system where various payment strategies like credit card, PayPal, and bank transfers exist.

2. Compression algorithms where different strategies can be ZIP, RAR, TAR, etc.

3. Image filters, with different strategies for different effects.

5. Implementation Steps

1. Define a trait to represent the strategy interface.

2. Implement multiple strategies that adhere to the strategy trait.

3. Create a context class that uses a strategy.

6. Implementation in Rust Programming

// Strategy trait
trait CompressionStrategy {
    fn compress(&self, data: &str) -> String;
// Concrete Strategies
struct ZipCompression;
impl CompressionStrategy for ZipCompression {
    fn compress(&self, data: &str) -> String {
        format!("{} (ZIP compressed)", data)
struct RarCompression;
impl CompressionStrategy for RarCompression {
    fn compress(&self, data: &str) -> String {
        format!("{} (RAR compressed)", data)
// Context struct that uses a compression strategy
struct Compressor {
    strategy: Box<dyn CompressionStrategy>,
impl Compressor {
    fn new(strategy: Box<dyn CompressionStrategy>) -> Self {
        Compressor { strategy }
    fn compress_data(&self, data: &str) -> String {
// Client Code
fn main() {
    let zip = ZipCompression;
    let rar = RarCompression;
    let mut compressor = Compressor::new(Box::new(zip));
    println!("{}", compressor.compress_data("MyData"));
    compressor = Compressor::new(Box::new(rar));
    println!("{}", compressor.compress_data("MyData"));


MyData (ZIP compressed)
MyData (RAR compressed)


1. We define a CompressionStrategy trait representing the different compression strategies.

2. Concrete strategies ZipCompression and RarCompression are implemented adhering to the CompressionStrategy trait.

3. The Compressor struct acts as the context, and it's configured with a concrete compression strategy.

4. The client can easily switch between compression strategies without altering the main Compressor class.

By using the Strategy Design Pattern, the algorithms can be switched on the fly and extended without modifying existing code.

7. When to use?

Use the Strategy pattern when:

1. There are multiple ways to perform an operation, and you want to switch between methods at runtime.

2. You need to isolate the logic of specific algorithms from the code that uses them.

3. You want to avoid exposing complex, algorithm-specific data structures.