Similar RGB Color - CPP Solution

1. Introduction

This blog post delves into a problem that combines elements of string manipulation and color theory in C++: the "Similar RGB Color" problem. This problem involves finding a color that is similar to a given RGB color, following specific rules of similarity.


Given a color in the format "#RRGGBB", where each pair of characters represents the hex value of red, green, and blue, find the color that is most similar to it. The similarity is determined based on the smallest possible difference between the hex values.

2. Solution Steps

1. Parse the input string to separate the red, green, and blue components.

2. For each component, find the closest hex value that can be obtained by repeating a single character (e.g., "11", "aa").

3. The closest value minimizes the absolute difference between the original and the new component.

4. Construct the similar color string by concatenating these closest values.

5. Return the resulting color string in the hex format.

3. Code Program

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;

// Helper function to find the closest single-character hex value
char closestHexChar(char c) {
    int num = (c >= 'a') ? (c - 'a' + 10) : (c - '0');
    int quotient = num / 17; // 17 is the difference between "00" and "11" in decimal
    int remainder = num % 17;
    if (remainder > 8) quotient++;
    int closestNum = quotient * 17;
    return (closestNum < 10) ? (closestNum + '0') : (closestNum - 10 + 'a');

// Function to find the similar RGB color
string similarRGB(string color) {
    string result = "#";
    for (int i = 1; i < color.length(); i += 2) {
        char closest = closestHexChar(color[i]);
        result += closest;
        result += closest;
    return result;

int main() {
    string color = "#09f166";
    cout << "Similar RGB color: " << similarRGB(color) << endl;
    return 0;


Similar RGB color: #11ee66


1. The input color "#09f166" is processed to find the most similar color based on the smallest hex value difference.

2. Each pair of hex values (for red, green, and blue) is converted to find the closest single-character hex representation.

3. The closest hex for "09" is "11", for "f1" is "ee", and for "66" is "66".

4. These values are concatenated to form the similar color "#11ee66".

5. This method efficiently finds a color that is visually similar to the given color, using a simple algorithm to minimize the hex value differences.