Hibernate 6 Hello World Example

Hibernate is a powerful, high-performance Object/Relational Persistence and Query Service for Java. In this tutorial, we will create a simple "Hello World" example using Hibernate 6.


  1. Java Development Kit (JDK) 11 or higher: Ensure JDK is installed and configured in your system.
  2. Integrated Development Environment (IDE): IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, or any other IDE.
  3. Maven: Ensure Maven is installed and configured in your system.

Step 1: Create a Maven Project

  1. Open your IDE and create a new Maven project.
  2. Update the pom.xml file to include Hibernate and other required dependencies.
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">


Step 2: Create Hibernate Configuration File

Create a file named hibernate.cfg.xml in the src/main/resources directory.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN" "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
        <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.H2Dialect</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">org.h2.Driver</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:h2:mem:testdb</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.username">sa</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.password"></property>
        <property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</property>
        <property name="hibernate.show_sql">true</property>
        <property name="hibernate.format_sql">true</property>

Step 3: Create an Entity Class

Create a package named com.example.entity and a class named Message.

package com.example.entity;

import jakarta.persistence.Entity;
import jakarta.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import jakarta.persistence.GenerationType;
import jakarta.persistence.Id;

public class Message {
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;
    private String text;

    public Message() {}

    public Message(String text) {
        this.text = text;

    public Long getId() {
        return id;

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;

    public String getText() {
        return text;

    public void setText(String text) {
        this.text = text;

    public String toString() {
        return "Message{id=" + id + ", text='" + text + '\'' + '}';

Step 4: Create Hibernate Utility Class

Create a package named com.example.util and a class named HibernateUtil.

package com.example.util;

import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.boot.registry.StandardServiceRegistryBuilder;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import org.hibernate.service.ServiceRegistry;

public class HibernateUtil {
    private static SessionFactory sessionFactory;

    static {
        try {
            Configuration configuration = new Configuration().configure();
            ServiceRegistry serviceRegistry = new StandardServiceRegistryBuilder()
            sessionFactory = configuration.buildSessionFactory(serviceRegistry);
        } catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new ExceptionInInitializerError(ex);

    public static SessionFactory getSessionFactory() {
        return sessionFactory;

Step 5: Create Main Class

Create a package named com.example and a class named Main.

package com.example;

import com.example.entity.Message;
import com.example.util.HibernateUtil;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Save a new message
        Session session = HibernateUtil.getSessionFactory().openSession();
        Transaction transaction = session.beginTransaction();
        Message message = new Message("Hello, World!");

        // Retrieve the message
        session = HibernateUtil.getSessionFactory().openSession();
        Message retrievedMessage = session.get(Message.class, message.getId());
        System.out.println("Retrieved Message: " + retrievedMessage);

        // Close the SessionFactory

Step 6: Run the Application

  1. Run the Main class.
  2. The output in the console should be:
Hibernate: create table Message (id bigint generated by default as identity, text varchar(255), primary key (id))
Hibernate: insert into Message (text) values (?)
Hibernate: select message0_.id as id1_0_0_, message0_.text as text2_0_0_ from Message message0_ where message0_.id=?
Retrieved Message: Message{id=1, text='Hello, World!'}


You have successfully created a "Hello World" example using Hibernate 6. This tutorial covered setting up a Maven project, configuring Hibernate, creating an entity class, and performing basic CRUD operations.