In this article, we will discuss what is an Algorithm with examples.

# What is an Algorithm?

Algorithm is a method of representing the step-by-step logical procedure for solving a problem. A program written in a non-computer language is called an**algorithm.**It is a step-by-step method of performing any task.

These are one of the most basic tools that are used to develop the program-solving logic. They can have steps that repeat or require decisions until the task is completed.

# PROPERTIES

An algorithm must possess the following properties:1) Fitness: An algorithm must terminate in a finite number of steps.

2) Definite: By definite we mean that each step of the algorithm must be precisely defined such that there is no ambiguity or contradiction.

3) Effectiveness: Each step must be effective, easily converted into a program statement, and can be performed exactly in a finite amount of time.

4) Generality: The algorithm must be complete so that it will work successfully in solving all the problems of the particular type for which it is defined.

5) Input/Output: Each algorithm must take zero, one or more quantities an input data, and produce one or more output values.

# Example 1: Write an algorithm to find the sum and average of two numbers

```
Step 1. Read the numbers a, b
Step 2. Compute the sum of a & b
Step 3. Store the result in variable s
Step 4. Divide the sum s by 2
Step 5. Store the result in variable avg
Step 6. Print the value of s and avg
Step 7. End of program.
```

# Example 2: Find Area, Diameter, and Circumference of a Circle.

```
Step 1: Start
Step 2: Initialize PI to 0
Step 3: Read radius of the circle
Step 4: Calculate the product of radius with itself and PI value
Step 5: Store the result in variable area
Step 6: Calculate the product of radius with 2
Step 7: Store the result in variable diameter
Step 8: Calculate the product of PI and diameter value
Step 9: Store the result in variable circumference
Step 10: Print the value of area, diameter and circumference
Step 11: Stop
```

# Example 3: Find Area and Circumference of a Rectangle

```
Step 1: Start
Step 2: Read the values of length and breadth
Step 3: Calculate the product of length and breadth
Step 4: Store the result in variable area
Step 5: Calculate the sum of length and breadth
Step 6: Store the result in variable temp
Step 7: Calculate the product of 2 and temp
Step 8: Store the result in variable circumference
Step 9: Print the value of area and circumference
Step 10: Stop
```

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