Java Stream flatMap() Example

The Java Stream flatMap() method is an intermediate operation.

The Stream.flatMap() function, as the name suggests, is the combination of a map and a flat operation. This means you first apply the map function and then flatten the result. 

Java Stream flatMap() Example

To understand what flattening a stream consists in, consider a structure like [ [1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9] ] which has "two levels". It's basically a big List containing three more List. Flattening this means transforming it in a "one level" structure e.g. [ 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 ] i.e. just one list.

For example: In the below program, you can see that we have three lists that are merged into one by using a flatMap() function.
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
import java.util.stream.Stream;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        List<Integer> evens = Arrays.asList(2, 4, 6);
        List<Integer> odds = Arrays.asList(3, 5, 7);
        List<Integer> primes = Arrays.asList(2, 3, 5, 7, 11);
        List<Integer> numbers = Stream.of(evens, odds, primes)
                .flatMap(list -> list.stream())
                .collect(Collectors.toList());
        System.out.println("flattend list: " + numbers);
    }
}

Output:

flattend list: [2, 4, 6, 3, 5, 7, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11]

Java Stream Methods/APIs Examples

Free Spring Boot Tutorial - 5 Hours Full Course


Watch this course on YouTube at Spring Boot Tutorial | Fee 5 Hours Full Course

Comments