Java JDBC PreparedStatement Example

The PreparedStatement interface is a subinterface of Statement. It is used to execute a parameterized query.

A SQL statement is precompiled and stored in a PreparedStatement object. This object can then be used to efficiently execute this statement multiple times.

JDBC PreparedStatement Select Records Example

Here we have a users table in a database and we will query a list of users from the database table by id.
Steps to process select SQL statement with JDBC:
  1. Establishing a connection.
  2. Create a statement.
  3. Execute the query.
  4. Using try-with-resources Statements to Automatically Close JDBC Resources
package com.javaguides.jdbc.preparestatement.examples;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

/**
 * Select PreparedStatement JDBC Example
 * 
 * @author Ramesh Fadatare
 *
 */
public class SelectPStatementExample {
    private static final String QUERY = "select id,name,email,country,password from Users where id =?";

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        // using try-with-resources to avoid closing resources (boiler plate code)

        // Step 1: Establishing a Connection
        try (Connection connection = DriverManager
            .getConnection("jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mysql_database?useSSL=false", "root", "root");

            // Step 2:Create a statement using connection object
            PreparedStatement preparedStatement = connection.prepareStatement(QUERY);) {
            preparedStatement.setInt(1, 1);
            System.out.println(preparedStatement);
            // Step 3: Execute the query or update query
            ResultSet rs = preparedStatement.executeQuery();

            // Step 4: Process the ResultSet object.
            while (rs.next()) {
                int id = rs.getInt("id");
                String name = rs.getString("name");
                String email = rs.getString("email");
                String country = rs.getString("country");
                String password = rs.getString("password");
                System.out.println(id + "," + name + "," + email + "," + country + "," + password);
            }
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            printSQLException(e);
        }
        // Step 4: try-with-resource statement will auto close the connection.
    }

    public static void printSQLException(SQLException ex) {
        for (Throwable e: ex) {
            if (e instanceof SQLException) {
                e.printStackTrace(System.err);
                System.err.println("SQLState: " + ((SQLException) e).getSQLState());
                System.err.println("Error Code: " + ((SQLException) e).getErrorCode());
                System.err.println("Message: " + e.getMessage());
                Throwable t = ex.getCause();
                while (t != null) {
                    System.out.println("Cause: " + t);
                    t = t.getCause();
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
Output:
1,Ram,tony@gmail.com,US,secret

References

Comments