Facade Design Pattern in Go

1. Definition

The Facade Design Pattern provides a unified interface to a set of interfaces in a subsystem. Facade defines a higher-level interface that makes the subsystem easier to use.

2. Problem Statement

Consider having a system with a complex set of interdependent subsystems. When clients want to work with the system, they might need to interact with multiple subsystem interfaces, making it difficult and cumbersome.

3. Solution

The Facade Pattern solves this problem by introducing a unifying interface that abstracts the complexity of the subsystems. Clients interact with the facade, which in turn manages the underlying subsystems, providing a cleaner and more straightforward client interface.

4. Real-World Use Cases

1. A home theater system where a single remote (facade) controls multiple devices such as the projector, sound system, and player.

2. A computer booting process where a single push of a button triggers numerous internal operations.

3. APIs that consolidate multiple underlying operations into singular, simplified calls.

5. Implementation Steps

1. Identify the complex subsystems that you want to simplify.

2. Create a facade class that wraps these subsystems and provides a unified, higher-level interface.

3. Update the client code to use the facade for the desired operations.

6. Implementation in Go

// Subsystem 1
type Engine struct{}
func (e *Engine) Start() string {
	return "Engine started"
// Subsystem 2
type Lights struct{}
func (l *Lights) On() string {
	return "Lights turned on"
// Facade
type CarFacade struct {
	engine Engine
	lights Lights
func (c *CarFacade) StartCar() string {
	return c.engine.Start() + " and " + c.lights.On()
// Client code
func main() {
	car := CarFacade{}


Engine started and Lights turned on


1. The Engine and Lights are subsystems with their operations.

2. The CarFacade is the facade that provides a unified interface (StartCar()) which internally manages the subsystems.

3. The client only interacts with the CarFacade to start the car, abstracting away the complexity of starting the engine and turning on the lights separately.

7. When to use?

Use the Facade Pattern when:

1. You want to provide a simple interface to a complex subsystem.

2. There are many dependencies between clients and the implementation classes of an abstraction.

3. You want to layer the subsystems. Use a facade to define an entry point to each subsystem level.