How to Check if Key Exists in Map Golang

1. Introduction

In Go, maps are a useful data structure for storing pairs of keys and values. However, when retrieving a value from a map, it's essential to know if the corresponding key exists. This post will discuss how to check for the existence of a key in a Go map.


A map is a collection of key-value pairs, and keys are unique within a map. Go provides a convenient way to check if a key exists by using the two-value assignment in a map lookup.

2. Program Steps

1. Declare and initialize a map with some data.

2. Use the two-value assignment to check for the existence of a specific key.

3. Demonstrate handling of keys that exist and do not exist in the map.

3. Code Program

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
	// Step 1: Declare and initialize a map
	capitals := map[string]string{
		"France":  "Paris",
		"Germany": "Berlin",
		"Italy":   "Rome",

	// Step 2: Use the two-value assignment to check for a key
	// Check for an existing key
	capital, exists := capitals["France"]
	if exists {
		fmt.Println("The capital of France is", capital)
	} else {
		fmt.Println("The capital of France is not available")

	// Check for a non-existing key
	capital, exists = capitals["Spain"]
	if !exists {
		fmt.Println("The capital of Spain is not available")


The capital of France is Paris
The capital of Spain is not available


1. package main - The package declaration for the Go program.

2. import "fmt" - Imports the Format package for input and output.

3. capitals is declared as a map from strings to strings, initialized with the capital cities of France, Germany, and Italy.

4. The two-value assignment (capital, exists := capitals["France"]) is used to look up "France" in the capitals map and to check if it exists.

5. The same technique is applied to check for "Spain," which is not in the capitals map.

6. The if statement checks the boolean exists to determine if the key was found and prints the appropriate message.

7. The output indicates that the capital of France is known and found in the map, while the capital of Spain is not.