How to Convert String to JSON in Golang

1. Introduction

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data interchange format that's easy to read and write for humans and easy to parse and generate for machines. In Go, converting a string to JSON format involves structuring the string as a valid JSON and using the encoding/json package to marshal the string into a JSON object.

Converting a string to JSON in Go typically means taking a string representation of data and transforming it into JSON format by assigning it to a struct or a map, which can then be marshaled into a JSON string using the json.Marshal function.

2. Program Steps

1. Create a struct or map that reflects the structure of the desired JSON object.

2. Marshal the struct or map into a JSON string using json.Marshal.

3. Handle any errors that occur during the marshaling process.

4. Print the resulting JSON string.

3. Code Program

package main

import (

// Define a struct that corresponds to our JSON data structure
type Person struct {
	Name  string `json:"name"`
	Age   int    `json:"age"`
	Email string `json:"email"`

func main() {
	// Step 1: Create a struct with the data
	person := Person{
		Name:  "John Doe",
		Age:   30,
		Email: "",

	// Step 2: Marshal the struct into a JSON string
	personJSON, err := json.Marshal(person)
	if err != nil {
		// Step 3: Handle errors
		log.Fatalf("JSON marshaling failed: %s", err)

	// Step 4: Print the JSON string
	fmt.Printf("JSON format: %s\n", personJSON)


JSON format: {"name":"John Doe","age":30,"email":""}


1. package main - The package declaration for the Go program.

2. import statements - Importing the fmt package for formatted I/O and the encoding/json package for JSON encoding.

3. Person struct - This struct represents the data structure that we want to convert to JSON. The struct tags like json:"name" specify the JSON key for each struct field.

4. person variable - An instance of the Person struct is created with example data.

5. json.Marshal function - Used to encode the person struct into a JSON-formatted byte slice. An error is returned if the operation fails.

6. log.Fatalf - This function prints an error message and stops the program if marshaling fails.

7. fmt.Printf - Prints the resulting JSON string. The byte slice personJSON is formatted as a string using %s.

8. The output shows the marshaled JSON string, which is a JSON representation of the Person struct.