How to Convert Map to JSON in Golang

1. Introduction

Converting a map to JSON in Go is a straightforward task thanks to the standard encoding/json package. This functionality is especially useful when you need to encode data into a JSON format to be consumed by web services, APIs, or for storage. This post will demonstrate how to convert a map into a JSON string.


JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format that's easy to read for humans and easy for machines to parse and generate. In Go, a map is a collection of key-value pairs, and it can be marshaled into a JSON object which represents the keys as JSON strings and the associated values as JSON values.

2. Program Steps

1. Create a map with string keys and values.

2. Use the json.Marshal function to convert the map to JSON.

3. Handle any errors that occur during conversion.

4. Print the JSON string.

3. Code Program

package main

import (

func main() {
	// Step 1: Create a map
	person := map[string]string{
		"name":    "John Doe",
		"age":     "30",
		"country": "USA",

	// Step 2: Convert the map to JSON
	personJSON, err := json.Marshal(person)
	if err != nil {
		// Step 3: Handle errors during conversion
		log.Fatalf("Error marshaling map to JSON: %s", err)

	// Step 4: Print the JSON string
	fmt.Println("JSON object:", string(personJSON))


JSON object: {"age":"30","country":"USA","name":"John Doe"}


1. package main - Defines the main package.

2. import statements - The fmt package is imported for printing and the encoding/json package is used for JSON encoding.

3. A map named person is created with string keys and string values.

4. json.Marshal is used to convert the person map into a JSON-formatted byte slice.

5. If json.Marshal returns an error, log.Fatalf logs the error and stops the program by calling os.Exit.

6. The JSON byte slice is converted to a string and printed to the console.

7. The output displays the map as a JSON object with keys and string values.