Ruby - Date & Time Example

1. Introduction

Ruby provides a robust set of classes to handle dates and times. The Date and DateTime classes are used to handle dates, times, and the combination of both. Additionally, the Time class handles current times and dates. Manipulating and formatting dates and times is a common requirement in many applications, and Ruby makes it straightforward with these classes and their methods.

Date & Time Common Methods:

- Returns the current date and time.

- Creates a new date instance.

- Date.parse: Parses a string into a date.

- Returns the current date and time with a time zone.

- Time.local: Creates a time based on local time.

- Time.utc: Creates a UTC time.

2. Program Steps

1. Retrieve the current date and time.

2. Create specific date and time instances.

3. Parse strings into date and time objects.

4. Compare different date and time instances.

3. Code Program

require 'date'
# Retrieve current date and time
current_time =
puts "Current Time: #{current_time}"
# Create a specific date instance
specific_date =, 4, 15)
puts "Specific Date: #{specific_date}"
# Parse a string into a date
parsed_date = Date.parse('2023-04-15')
puts "Parsed Date: #{parsed_date}"
# Retrieve current DateTime with time zone
current_datetime =
puts "Current DateTime: #{current_datetime}"
# Create time based on local time
local_time = Time.local(2023, 4, 15, 12, 0, 0)
puts "Local Time: #{local_time}"
# Create a UTC time
utc_time = Time.utc(2023, 4, 15, 12, 0, 0)
puts "UTC Time: #{utc_time}"
# Comparing Date and Time
puts "Is specific_date the same as parsed_date? #{specific_date == parsed_date}"
puts "Is current_time past the local_time? #{current_time > local_time}"
# Formatting dates
formatted_date = specific_date.strftime('%Y-%m-%d')
puts "Formatted Date: #{formatted_date}"


Current Time: 2023-11-02 12:00:00 +0100
Specific Date: 2023-04-15
Parsed Date: 2023-04-15
Current DateTime: 2023-11-02T12:00:00+01:00
Local Time: 2023-04-15 12:00:00 +0100
UTC Time: 2023-04-15 12:00:00 UTC
Is specific_date the same as parsed_date? true
Is current_time past the local_time? true
Formatted Date: 2023-04-15


1. provides the current system time.

2. creates a new date object with the specified year, month, and day.

3. Date.parse takes a string and converts it into a Date object.

4. gets the current date and time with time zone information.

5. Time.local and Time.utc are used to create time objects in local and UTC formats, respectively.

6. specific_date == parsed_date compares the specific_date with parsed_date and returns true if they are the same.

7. The > operator is used to compare current_time with local_time to check if the current time is past the specified local time.

8. strftime is used to format a date object into a string according to the specified format.