Spring Data JPA with Spring Boot: A Step-by-Step Tutorial

Spring Data JPA simplifies the implementation of JPA-based repositories. It integrates seamlessly with Spring Boot, providing powerful data access capabilities with minimal configuration. This tutorial will guide you through setting up Spring Data JPA in a Spring Boot application using a Student entity as an example.


  • JDK 17 or later
  • Maven or Gradle
  • IDE (IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, etc.)

Step 1: Set Up a Spring Boot Project

1.1 Create a New Spring Boot Project

Use Spring Initializr to create a new project with the following dependencies:

  • Spring Web
  • Spring Data JPA
  • H2 Database (or any other database of your choice)

Download and unzip the project, then open it in your IDE.

1.2 Configure application.properties

Set up the application properties for your project. This file is located in the src/main/resources directory.

# src/main/resources/application.properties

# H2 Database configuration

# JPA configuration


  • Configures the H2 in-memory database.
  • Enables SQL logging.
  • Sets up JPA to update the database schema automatically.
  • Specifies the Hibernate dialect for H2.

Step 2: Define the Entity Class

2.1 Create the Student Entity

Create an entity class to represent a student in the database.

package com.example.demo.entity;

import jakarta.persistence.Entity;
import jakarta.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import jakarta.persistence.GenerationType;
import jakarta.persistence.Id;

public class Student {

    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;
    private String name;
    private String email;
    private int age;

    // Getters and setters
    public Long getId() {
        return id;

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;

    public String getName() {
        return name;

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;

    public String getEmail() {
        return email;

    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;

    public int getAge() {
        return age;

    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;


  • @Entity: Specifies that the class is an entity and is mapped to a database table.
  • @Id and @GeneratedValue: Indicates the primary key and its generation strategy.

Step 3: Create the Repository Interface

3.1 Create the StudentRepository

Create a repository interface to perform CRUD operations on the Student entity.

package com.example.demo.repository;

import com.example.demo.entity.Student;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

public interface StudentRepository extends JpaRepository<Student, Long> {


  • @Repository: Indicates that the interface is a Spring Data repository.
  • JpaRepository<Student, Long>: Provides CRUD operations for the Student entity.

Step 4: Create Service and Controller Layers

4.1 Create the StudentService

Create a service class to handle business logic related to students.

package com.example.demo.service;

import com.example.demo.entity.Student;
import com.example.demo.repository.StudentRepository;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Optional;

public class StudentService {

    private StudentRepository studentRepository;

    public List<Student> getAllStudents() {
        return studentRepository.findAll();

    public Optional<Student> getStudentById(Long id) {
        return studentRepository.findById(id);

    public Student createStudent(Student student) {
        return studentRepository.save(student);

    public void deleteStudent(Long id) {


  • @Service: Marks the class as a service component in Spring.
  • StudentRepository: Injected to interact with the database.

4.2 Create the StudentController

Create a REST controller to expose endpoints for interacting with students.

package com.example.demo.controller;

import com.example.demo.entity.Student;
import com.example.demo.service.StudentService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Optional;

public class StudentController {

    private StudentService studentService;

    public List<Student> getAllStudents() {
        return studentService.getAllStudents();

    public Optional<Student> getStudentById(@PathVariable Long id) {
        return studentService.getStudentById(id);

    public Student createStudent(@RequestBody Student student) {
        return studentService.createStudent(student);

    public void deleteStudent(@PathVariable Long id) {


  • @RestController: Marks the class as a REST controller.
  • @RequestMapping("/students"): Maps the controller to /students endpoint.
  • @GetMapping, @PostMapping, @DeleteMapping: Maps HTTP GET, POST, and DELETE requests respectively.
  • @RequestBody: Binds the HTTP request body to the Student parameter.
  • @PathVariable: Binds the URI template variable to the method parameter.

Step 5: Running and Testing the Application

5.1 Run the Application

Run the Spring Boot application using your IDE or the command line:

./mvnw spring-boot:run

5.2 Test the Endpoints

Use a tool like Postman or your browser to test the endpoints.

Create a Student

  • URL: http://localhost:8080/students
  • Method: POST
  • Body:
        "name": "John Doe",
        "email": "john.doe@example.com",
        "age": 20

Get All Students

  • URL: http://localhost:8080/students
  • Method: GET

Get a Student by ID

  • URL: http://localhost:8080/students/{id}
  • Method: GET

Delete a Student

  • URL: http://localhost:8080/students/{id}
  • Method: DELETE


In this tutorial, you have learned how to configure and use Spring Data JPA in a Spring Boot 3.2 application. We covered:

  • Setting up a Spring Boot project with Spring Data JPA.
  • Defining an entity class and repository.
  • Creating service and controller layers.
  • Running and testing the application using REST endpoints.

By following these steps, you can effectively manage and interact with a database in your Spring Boot applications using Spring Data JPA.