Create Spring Boot REST API



In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a simple REST API using Spring boot 2.3.2 RELEASE.

What we will build?

You will build a service that will accept HTTP GET requests at http://localhost:8080/greeting.

It will respond with a JSON representation of a greeting, as the following listing shows:

{"id":1,"content":"Hello, World!"}

You can customize the greeting with an optional name parameter in the query string, as the following listing shows:

http://localhost:8080/greeting?name=User

The name parameter value overrides the default value of World and is reflected in the response, as the following listing shows:

{"id":1,"content":"Hello, User!"}

We will implement this tutorial step by step.

Step 1: Create Spring Boot Project in Eclipse STS IDE

Use the below guide to create a Spring boot project in Eclipse STS IDE:

Step 2: Maven pom.xml File

The following listing shows the pom.xml file created when you choose Maven:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>2.3.2.RELEASE</version>
		<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
	</parent>
	<groupId>com.example</groupId>
	<artifactId>rest-service</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<name>rest-service</name>
	<description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

	<properties>
		<java.version>1.8</java.version>
	</properties>

	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
			<exclusions>
				<exclusion>
					<groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
					<artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
				</exclusion>
			</exclusions>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

</project>

Step 3: Create a Resource Representation Class

To model the greeting representation, you create a resource representation class called Greeting. Provide a plain old java object with fields, constructors, and accessors for the id and content data:
public class Greeting {
    private final long id;
    private final String content;

    public Greeting(long id, String content) {
         this.id = id;
         this.content = content;
    }

    public long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public String getContent() {
         return content;
    }
}
Spring uses the Jackson JSON library to automatically marshal instances of type Greeting into JSON.
Next, we create a resource controller that will serve these greetings.

Step 4: GreetingController

package net.javaguides.springboot.Springboothelloworldapplication;

import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class GreetingController {

    private static final String template = "Hello, %s!";
    private final AtomicLong counter = new AtomicLong();

    @RequestMapping("/greeting")
    public Greeting greeting(@RequestParam(value = "name", defaultValue = "World") String name) {
         return new Greeting(counter.incrementAndGet(), String.format(template, name));
    }
}

Step 5: Run Spring Boot Application

package net.javaguides.springboot.Springboothelloworldapplication;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class SpringbootHelloworldApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
         SpringApplication.run(SpringbootHelloworldApplication.class, args);
    }
}

From your IDE, run the SpringbootHelloworldApplication.main() method as a standalone Java class that will start the embedded Tomcat server on port 8080 and point the browser to http://localhost:8080/.

Or use the below command to run the Spring boot app:
$ mvn spring-boot:run

Now that the service is up, visit http://localhost:8080/greeting, where you see:
Provide a name query string parameter with http://localhost:8080/greeting?name=User. Notice how the value of the content attribute changes from "Hello, World!" to "Hello User!":

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