Spring Boot @Service Example

1. Introduction

The @Service annotation in Spring Boot is used to mark a class as a service provider, which holds the business logic of the application. It's a specialized form of the @Component annotation, making the service layer's classes eligible for detection during classpath scanning and auto-registration as a bean in the context.

Key Points:

1. @Service is a stereotype annotation marking a class as a service in the service layer.

2. It indicates that a class holds business logic and can be used for defining transaction boundaries.

3. Classes annotated with @Service are automatically discovered and instantiated as beans in the Spring context.

4. @Service beans can be easily injected into other components like controllers using @Autowired.

2. Implementation Steps

1. Create a Spring Boot project.

2. Define a service interface outlining the business operations.

3. Implement the service interface with a class annotated with @Service.

4. Autowire the service class in your controllers or other components.

5. Implement the business logic within the service class methods.

6. Run the Spring Boot application and use the service.

3. Implementation Example

Here is the complete code that demonstrates the usage of @Service annotation:
// Step 2: Define a service interface
public interface UserService {
    String createUser(String name);

// Step 3: Implement the service interface and annotate it with @Service
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

    // Step 5: Implement the business logic
    public String createUser(String name) {
        // Here we would contain logic to save a user to a database
        return "User " + name + " created successfully!";

// Step 4: Autowire the service in a REST controller
public class UserController {

    private final UserService userService;

    // Constructor-based dependency injection
    public UserController(UserService userService) {
        this.userService = userService;

    public ResponseEntity<String> addUser(@RequestParam String name) {
        return ResponseEntity.ok(userService.createUser(name));

// Step 6: Main class to bootstrap the Spring Boot application
public class ServiceAnnotationExampleApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ServiceAnnotationExampleApplication.class, args);


User John created successfully!


1. UserService interface defines the contract for user operations.

2. UserServiceImpl is the implementation of UserService marked with @Service, signaling that it contains business logic.

3. @Service on UserServiceImpl makes this class a candidate for Spring's component scanning to detect it and create a bean definition.

4. UserController is a REST controller that depends on UserService. It uses @Autowired for dependency injection.

5. The addUser method in UserController handles the POST request to "/users" and uses userService to create a new user.

6. ServiceAnnotationExampleApplication contains the main method that starts the Spring Boot application.

7. When the "/users" endpoint is accessed with a POST request and a name parameter, the addUser method is invoked and responds with the creation result.

8. The output "User John created successfully!" confirms that the UserServiceImpl service was properly injected and used within the UserController.